Cabucgayan is a 5th class municipality in the province of Biliran, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 18,799 people in 3,372 households.
Cabucgayan derived its name from the snail called “bukgay.” In Waray, to make a singular noun into a plural noun, the article “ka” is added before the word and the article “an” after the word. Kabukgayan, therefore, means a place where there are many snails.
The Municipality of Cabucgayan is one of the 8 municipalities of Biliran with a total land area of 4,871.4707 hectares.
This municipality was created on September 29, 1949 when Pres. Elpidio Quirino issued Executive Order no. 271.
It is located in the southeastern part of Biliran Island specifically at 124 degree, 30 minutes and 45 seconds latitude and a longitude of 11 degrees, 29 minutes and 45 seconds. It is bounded on the North by the Municipality of Caibiran, on the East by Villareal Bay, on the South by Carigara bay, and the West by the Municipality of Biliran; and is approximately 19 kilometers away from Caibiran, 33 kilometers away from Naval, the capital town of the Province, and 118 kilometers away from Tacloban City, the capital of the Province of Leyte.
It belongs to the two types of climate, Type II and Type IV. It is characterized by pronounced rainfall periodically accompanied by trade winds and storms during the months of January, June, July, November and December while the minimum monthly rainfall occurs in February, March, April and May.
The total land area dedicated to agriculture is 2,905 hectares or 59.63% of the total land area. The three major forest products are timber, rattan and wild abaca.