Silago is politically subdivided into 15 barangays.
The Filipinos are liberty-loving people. Our earliest ancestors came to the Philippines in search for freedom. Their love for independence could be traced to the independent barangays they established. The Spaniards easily conquered the barangays because they were not united under one leader. Besides, the Spaniards had their weapons. The natives lost their independence and one by one the latter were place here in the Philippines. When the Spaniards came to our place, they asked the natives on what was the name of the place. The native then, could not understand the language of the Spaniards and with fear that triggered on their feelings, they failed to answer the question and instead pointed the Tuog trees where there were so many bats hanging and said “Tuay daghang Cabug”. The Spaniards looked towards the Tuog trees and happened to see many bats hanging and in Spanish, bat means “Murcielago”. So at that moment, the Spaniards called the place Murcielago. Till, at that point in time, the name of the place is Murcielago. As many score years have passed and the natives were so old and eventually had a difficulty in pronouncing long words as compelled by their age, so the word Murcielago was shortened to Silago.
Silago was once part of the Municipality of Hinunangan, Southern Leyte, located in the northernmost part of the said town. For several years, Silago was under the political jurisdictions of Hinunangan even during the World War I and II.
After the Second World War, Silago became more progressive and had increased its population, and thus became the biggest barangay of the mother Municipality of Hinunangan. Progress served as pushing factor that Silago has availed and gained qualifications to become a municipality.
In 1948, through the intercessions of the Secretary of National Defense, Ruperto K. Kangleon who worked hard for the conversion of barrio Silago to a municipality. Finally, the reaping of the grace was favorable because on June 20, 1950 was the inauguration of the new Municipality of Silago by virtue of an Executive Order No. 326 issued by Pres. Elpidio Quirino. Such Executive Order was chartered through Republic Act No. 5962 “Creating the Municipality of Silago in the Province of Southern Leyte” on June 21, 1969.
This was made possible also through the invaluable services and voluntary effort extended by the late Apolonio A. Lucero and Cunato Capapas. These two Silagonhons even donated real properties as lands to meet the requirements of becoming a municipality.
The Municipality of Silago comprises the following barangays: Pob. Dist. 1, Pob. Dist. II, Pob. Dist III (Tubod), Sudmon, Sap-ang, Mercedes, Balagawan, Catmon, Puntana, Katipunan, Imelda, Tubaon, Lagoma, Salvacion and Hingatunggan.
The first set of Municipal Officials were appointed by Pres. Elpidio Quirino on May 17, 1951. This was headed by Hon. Felix Balagon as Municipal Mayor, Hon. Leon Fortaliza as Vice Mayor, Hon. Manuel Tomol, Hon. Enrique Sarona, Hon. Modesto Miras and Hon. Manuel Cruzada as councilors.Mr. Pedro Tomol was appointed as Municipal Secretary.
REPUBLIC ACT NO. 5962 – AN ACT CREATING THE MUNICIPALITY OF SILAGO IN THE PROVINCE OF SOUTHERN LEYTE
SECTION 1. The barrios of Silago, Hingatunggan, Laguma, Kikilo, Bulac, Sap-ang, Awayon, and Balagawan, and the sitios of Combis, San Roque, Talaque, Malen and Mabadyang in the Municipality of Hinunangan, Province of Southern Leyte, are separated from said municipality, and constituted into a distinct and independent municipality, to be known as the Municipality of Silago, same province. The seat of government of the new municipality shall be in the present site of the barrio of Silago.
The boundary line of the Municipality of Silago and the Municipality of Hinunangan shall be a straight line starting from a point immediately north of the center of the barrio of Pondol passing through the summit of Mt. Nacolod to the intersection of this line with the Hinunangan-Libagon boundary line.
SECTION 2. The Municipality of Silago shall acquire corporate existence upon the election and qualification of the first mayor, vice-mayor and councilors in the next general elections for local officials. For election purposes, the municipal officials of the mother municipality charged with the election duties in accordance with the Revised Election Code shall hold office until the first officials shall have been elected and qualified.
SECTION 3. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Silago is a small coastal town set at the northernmost part of the province of Southern Leyte, Philippines. The town is composed of only 15 barangays. Silago got her name from the word “murcielago” which is a Spanish term for bat, because of this species’ dominance in the locality. Proof to this is the giant bat sanctuary at Barangay Catmon. Traveling through the coastal barangays of the town, one can notice beautiful clean beaches and a structure designed by nature lying in the town’s deep blue sea known as Pelada Rock also locally known as “Batong Dako means huge rock”, which was then occupied and utilized as a camp by the Japanese Imperial Army during the Second World War. The peculiar beauty of this rock is enhanced with the abundance of birds hovering and built their nest on it, sea snakes making the rock as their dwelling place, with fish and other marine products surrounding it.
The rock is located just a short distance from the shore of Barangay Laguma and Barangay Salvacion. Riding on a motorboat will take only 5 minutes from those Barangays; or more or less ten minutes from the brown fine clean sand beach of Silago town proper.
Farther north, is a natural rock formation with a length of more or less 50 meters from the shore and about 10 meters wide.
Added to this beauty is the upland of Silago, which displays the town’s picturesque mountains, exuding a distinctive charm and even a mystery. In these mountains is the town’s vast forest, home of the wild pigs locally known as “Baboy Ihas”. Among all the municipalities of the province, Silago is identified to have the biggest forest area.
The municipal tree park is another kind of tourist attraction in the municipality where fresh breeze and songs of the birds make the atmosphere pleasantly unique. On its northern part is a clean and clear river that allows everybody an enjoyable swimming.
Additionally, the different astounding shapes of waterfalls are not an illusion for Silago. In the upper portion of the town, at different locations, are falls that urge one to come and feel the placidity, of the environment, with a very cool and clean water.
Kagut-an falls is more or less 1 kilometer away from the national highway, along Barangay Katipunan. This falls is paired with another falls near its vicinity, locally called as Kagut-an Dako Dos Falls, which possesses an exceptional attraction to all who sees it.
In the same barangay of Silago, is another falls called Kagut-an Gamay falls. The beauty of this falls could be greatly enhanced by a wise and sustainable human intervention.
In Barangay Mercedes of this municipality can be found other falls of different gorgeous impact. Sitio Kawayan Falls has a more or less 1-kilometer distance from Mercedes Barangay Road, with a height of about 10 meters.
Another falls is in Barangay Tubod distinctive in structure with matching cave on its opposite side. Water from this falls, along its way meets the Lanang River flow, which also has its own unique attraction. The beauty of Lanang River would catch the eye of any viewer with a warm invitation to get into it.
Aside from Lanang River, which is located at the town’s mountain barangay, is the Maag River that crosses along the national highway in Poblacion District 1. This river forms like lake that is suited for enjoyable boating recreation. At the mouth of the river is the brown fine clean sand beach of Silago, which is more or less 1 kilometer long.
Rocky Beach Resort is a newly operating beach resort, which is adorned with beautiful stones and clean brown sand, typical for picnics. This resort does not have room accommodations yet, but there are places to stay comfortably in the heart of the town, about more or less 5 minutes away.
The Municipality of Silago is blessed with the riches of nature, which is not common to other places. It has not only the natural beauty sights, but it is also rich in marine products for delicious and nutritious meals.
In Months of November to February Silago beaches is ideal for those who love SURFING with huge sea wave, it can be comparable to that waves in Siargao which is Silago topograpically located in from of the Pacific Ocean. (Martom)